The JupyterHub Documentation Theme#

A lightweight theme built on the PyData Sphinx Theme, for use by the JupyterHub community. It makes minimal changes to the pydata-sphinx-theme in order to standardize styles and a top-bar that can be shared across all JupyterHub documentation.

Defaults this theme sets#

This theme sets a few default values to standardize the look and feel across JupyterHub documentation.


If there are other standard features/customizations that would be helpful across the JupyterHub team documentation, we can probably add it here so please open an issue to discuss.

Here is a brief summary:


  • Sets the primary color to a slightly-darkened “Jupyter orange”

  • Removes primary color from headers and makes them bold to be noticeable

  • Aligns the header links to the left

Logo and branding#

  • Adds a light/dark mode JupyterHub logo

  • Adds a favicon

  • Adds icon links for our Discourse, Team Compass, and


  • sphinx-copybutton for copy buttons in our code cells.

  • sphinxext-opengraph for OpenGraph protocol metadata. site_url will automatically be detected via ReadTheDocs or GitHub Actions environment variables in CI/CD.

How to use this theme#

Follow these steps:

  1. Add this theme to the pip install requirements of the repo. For now, point it to the main branch like so:

    # in requirements.txt

    or to install locally

    $ pip install git+
  2. Configure the Sphinx docs to use the theme by editing
    html_theme = "jupyterhub_sphinx_theme"
  3. Add it to your theme’s extensions:
    extensions = [

Make customizations on top of these defaults#

You can make customizations on top of the defaults in this theme. See the PyData theme documentation for guidance on what is possible.

In general, this theme only sets defaults, and you can override whatever you like.

Developer documentation#

Theme build system#

This theme uses the sphinx-theme-builder tool, which is a helper tool for automatically compiling Sphinx theme assets. This will download a local copy of NodeJS and build the theme’s assets with the environment specified in package.json.

Theme structure#

This theme follows the sphinx-theme-builder filesystem layout.

Build the theme locally#

You can build the documentation for this theme to preview it. The easiest way to build the documentation in this repository is to use the nox automation tool, a tool for quickly building environments and running commands within them. This ensures that your environment has all the dependencies needed to build the documentation.

To do so, follow these steps:

  1. Install nox

    $ pip install nox
  2. Build the documentation:

    $ nox -s docs

This should create a local environment in a .nox folder, build the documentation (as specified in the configuration), and the output will be in docs/_build/html.

To build live documentation that updates when you update local files, run the following command:

$ nox -s docs-live

Make a release#

Follow the instructions in


See the kitchen sink for some example pages.